- Diffuse axonal injury
- Open brain injury – also called penetrating brain injury
- Acquired brain injury – secondary brain injury
A brain injury may cause disability or long-term medical issues. If you suffered a TBI after a car crash, you should understand your options and what to expect.
What is a Traumatic Brain Injury?
A traumatic brain injury is caused by a sudden, violent blow or assault on the brain. TBIs are a leading cause of disability and death in American adults. Any blow to the head should be immediately examined by a doctor or other healthcare provider.
Some common types of traumatic brain injuries caused by car accidents include:
Concussions are mild TBIs and a frequent type of brain injury in car accidents. Concussions are usually mild and nonfatal. However, some can be more serious and cause lasting damages.
Symptoms of a concussion include headache, dizziness, fatigue, and changes in mental status. Treatment may include rest and over-the-counter pain medications. For more serious concussions, you may need additional medical intervention.
2. Diffuse Axonal Injury
Diffuse axonal injuries occur when the brain’s long connecting nerve fibers – called axons – are torn when the brain is injured and shifts inside the skull. When these nerve fibers are torn, they interrupt vital connections between the brain and the rest of the body. A diffuse axonal injury may cause injury to different parts of the brain. Comas are common from this type of TBI.
3. Cerebral Contusion
A cerebral contusion can be life-threatening. When a car accident victim is hit on the head or thrown violently, the brain swells against the bony skull, causing pressure and bleeding. This requires emergency surgery to prevent fatal injury or permanent brain damage.
A coup-contrecoup injury may occur when a victim hits an object. In this situation, the site of the impact is called the “coup,” and the opposite side of the brain, which also connects with the skull, is the “contrecoup.” It is a double brain injury with an increased risk of physical and cognitive impairment, coma, or death.
5. Open Head Injury
If an object penetrates the skin, skull, and brain, it is an “open head injury.” Many projectiles in a car accident cause these injuries. Open brain injuries may need surgery to remove foreign objects and relieve swelling. The higher the velocity of the penetration, the worse the prognosis for recovery.
6. Acquired Brain Injury
An acquired brain injury, also called ABI, is not the direct result of trauma. It is a secondary brain injury that causes changes at the cellular level that contribute to further damage to brain tissue.
Why Call an Attorney for a TBI?
According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, once the brain is damaged, it may never fully recover. Some TBI victims slip into a vegetative state, while others face a prolonged recovery period in which they relearn how to walk, talk, and other bodily functions.
An individual with a TBI may need lifelong medical care, an astronomical expense for most people. An attorney can help you and your loved ones seek compensation to help pay for this care, along with other damages.
Get a Free Consultation Today
If you or a loved one suffered a traumatic brain injury because of a reckless driver, get help with your case. A Texas car accident attorney with Anderson Injury Lawyers can help you recover compensation and justice. You pay nothing unless you win compensation.
Call (817) 294-1900 today for a free consultation.