What Happens When You Get Whiplash? Rear-End Accidents, Injury and Compensation

whiplash lawyerAs a Dallas-Fort Worth personal injury lawyer, I know that whiplash is among the most common injured suffered by car wreck victims. Whiplash injuries generally involve soft tissue damage necessitating chiropractic treatment, but they may also involve bruises, back injuries, herniation of the spinal disks, headaches, dizziness, pain when bending or twisting your torso/chest, and lower back problems.

Although these injuries are most commonly associated with car crashes, they can also occur in a variety of other accident scenarios such as falls from a bicycle, when riding a rollercoaster or being shaken (for example, shaken baby syndrome can involve severe injuries to the child).

What is Whiplash?

This is a broad term that covers many different types of neck pain, including many types of soft tissue injuries. These injuries commonly occur in car and truck crashes when the victim was rear-ended by another car. A rear impact collision causes the driver (and any passengers) to be violently jerked in their seat, snapping their neck and head at forces of approximately 5 g’s (depending on the speed) within a matter of milliseconds. This is known as cervical acceleration-deceleration (CAD) trauma and the collected symptoms are known as whiplash associated disorder.

Your doctor might refer to whiplash in medical terms like cervical sprain, cervical strain or hyperextension injuries. These are all common medical conditions that fall under the heading ‘whiplash.’ Whiplash is something that must be taken seriously, especially if conditions worsen or do not fade.


The most common symptom of whiplash is pain in the neck and back. Injured victims may also experience shoulder pain, headaches and a "pins and needles" feeling in the arms and legs. You may begin experiencing whiplash symptoms within hours of an accident, or it may be days before whiplash symptoms occur.

Numerous studies have constantly shown that women are more likely to suffer serious whiplash injuries than men. Females are also more likely to feel pain for longer and suffer greater impairment as a result of their injuries. It's speculated that this difference exists because the female neck is typically less muscular, narrower and longer than male necks. As a result, women will often experience a greater force on their neck when their car is slammed from behind. 
Sometimes victims feel pain right away, though that's not always the case. Often, the victim is not aware they are injured until a few days after the accident occurred. For this reason, if you're involved in a traffic accident, don't tell people at the crash scene that you are fine or unhurt. Instead, you can simply say that you don't need an ambulance and you'll drive yourself to the doctor. You should refrain from giving any sort of statement until the full and true nature of your injuries can properly be assessed by a medical professional. This is because as soon as you say "I'm fine, I'm not hurt," you're giving a statement that can be used against you later by the insurance company. Similarly, you should not provide a recorded statement to the insurance adjustor until you are fully aware of the extent of your injuries.

Whiplash and Headaches

Headaches resulting from whiplash can be very painful. These strong headaches (migraines) may not come to a victim of whiplash until at least day after an accident and can get worse in the following days. Whiplash headaches can appear to be similar to other forms of headaches, except that the pain can be increased when the affected areas, such as the neck, shoulder, and even jaw are moved in a certain way. Headaches, in combination with other whiplash symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, and weakness, can become a very painful and frustrating experience.

For people who have experienced headaches after having whiplash, it is important to receive a thorough medical exam, followed by a rehabilitation plan after the source of the pain is discovered. In certain situations, a neurologist may be needed to accurately identify the root of the headache. This may include imaging tests, such as a CT scan or MRI, neuroimaging, or electroencephalogram (EEG).

Whiplash and Concussions

Similar to headaches from a whiplash, a concussion from a whiplash can take more than one day to develop. According to the American Medical Society, a concussion is a “traumatically induced transient disturbance of brain function involving complex pathophysiological process.” In other words, a concussion is the result of a violent shock of the brain caused by force. When a person gets whiplashed, their brain can get temporarily affected when the neck and body is spun in a car. This can cause the following symptoms:

  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light and noise
  • Drowsiness
  • Difficulty falling (or staying) asleep

A normal recovery method for a concussion from whiplash is rest. It is important to seek medical attention once symptoms are identified; postponing treatment could lead to more symptoms and a longer recovery time. However, most people who have experienced a concussion from whiplash have a complete recovery, and most symptoms are completely resolved within a couple of months if treatment is sought immediately.

whiplash lawyerWhiplash Is Sometimes More Serious that It Seems

What might start out as a sore neck or back can sometimes turn out to be a more serious issue. Here at my firm, I've seen it happen again and again. A client comes in with a sore neck, unaware that there is a more serious issue that may take months of therapy - or even surgery - to treat. 

One of the ways we help our clients is to get them in quickly to see doctors we trust who can determine if the whiplash will heal on its own, or if there is something more serious we should be concerned about. We help our clients form a treatment plan, and start building their cases. If the accident was not your fault, you don't want to be left paying for a serious injury on your own, which is why it's so important to identify an issue early on, gather all the necessary evidence and prepare to fight the at-fault driver's insurance company for the compensation you deserve. 

Treatment Options

Because whiplash is typically used to describe types of soft tissue injuries to the neck, you’ll find many types of treatments, depending on the doctor. Some prescribe medication, while other doctors may recommend physical therapy to help improve your range of motion and reduce pain and swelling. Still other doctors may refer you to a chiropractor to relieve whiplash symptoms through chiropractic manipulation.

In mild cases, you may undergo treatment for days or weeks until your soft tissues heal and you are able to resume regular activities. During this time, you may be confined to bed rest, and you may be unable to work and perform other normal activities. It is important to follow the doctor's orders so that you can recover fully and to prevent future pain from occurring.

Whiplash Complications

Some injuries result in permanent restrictions, though, such as being unable to move your neck beyond a certain point, or permanent pain and change in activities.

One of the biggest contributors to whiplash complications is the amount of time taken to seek treatment. A patient with headaches, concussions, and others symptoms can have difficult recovering if they delay their treatment for weeks after the accident occurred. Chronic pain in the affected areas such as severe neck pain, migraines, and radiating pain to the arms can occur.

Long-Term Whiplash Damage

In Texas, if you were hurt in an accident that was the other driver's fault, and the accident caused you whiplash that resulted in long-term damage or injury, you have a right to compensation for that injury. To do this, you'll need to file a claim against the at-fault driver and their insurance, and then fight for the compensation you deserve using evidence. One of the most common reasons our clients hire us is to fight these claims for them. 

Do You Need a Car Accident Lawyer?

Soft tissue damages can be some of the most difficult injuries to prove to insurance companies, and whiplash is high on the list of ‘warning signs’ that provokes insurance companies to give you hassle. Don’t let insurance companies walk all over you. This injury encompasses a broad range of legitimate injuries for which you should be compensated if you’re injured in a motor vehicle accident. 

Whiplash Compensation

Compensation may be available to a victim of a car accident who has experienced whiplash. Victims can obtain compensation for the medical expenses associated with the accident, such as doctor appointments, medicine, physical therapy, and surgeries. Compensation may also be available for lost wages. If you took time off work to treat to receive treatment, you were ordered by a doctor to stay home after a procedure, or you received a certain type of medicine that could inhibit your ability to safely function at your job, you more than likely lost wages for that period. In a personal injury lawsuit, we make sure that every penny you lost is accounted for.

Also, other types of damages, such as pain and suffering, can be compensated for. If you missed your child’s first football game, missed a family vacation, or have anxiety every time you enter a vehicle, you have the right to pursue compensation. You should not have to pay for expenses generated from a car accident you did not cause, which is why the Anderson Law Firm is committed to ensuring your recovery without you having to worry about mounting medical bills.

Whiplash Insurance

There are two main types of insurance policies that would be activated in a car accident: personal injury protection (PIP) coverage and medical payments coverage. PIP insurance covers, as the name implies, expenses related to treating injuries from an accident. If you are required to have a caregiver or someone take care of you, this expense can be covered through PIP.

Similarly, medical payments coverage also covers personal injuries, but does so in a more in-depth way. For example, x-rays, medical imaging, and surgeries can be covered through medical payments coverage. When a personal injury claim is made, your personal injury attorney will determine which insurance coverage(s) is most appropriate to file against.

Want more information? You can learn more about auto insurance here.

It is important that you seek medical help as soon as possible following your accident, even if you do not initially believe that you have been hurt. 
If you or a loved one has suffered from car wreck injuries in a North Texas auto wreck or other accident, please contact the personal injury attorneys at the Anderson Law Firm for a free, no obligation consultation on your legal rights.

Whiplash Injuries Are Not All the Same in Terms of Settlement

When a speeding driver hits another vehicle, the driver (and passengers) of the impacted vehicle can receive whiplash. Whiplash can include different types of head injuries that can be claimed in a personal injury lawsuit. Similar to other bodily injuries, depending on the seriousness of the injury, a settlement amount can significantly increase. Take “Bob” as an example. Bob was rear-ended in a car accident and suffered whiplash. After receiving treatment for a couple of months, Bob recovered from the accident and is has no more headaches or pain. His settlement amount might be different to “Joe”. Joe was in a car accident where his vehicle spun many times and his vehicle finally came to a stop after hitting a concrete wall. Joe required CT scans, a neurologic consultation, and months’ worth of treatment before he could finally recover. Due to several factors involved, Joe has many lost wages and suffered pain and suffering because of his whiplash. As a result, Joe might receive a greater settlement amount than Bob. Similarly, an accident victim’s settlement amount can be greater if they suffered serious injuries, in comparison to an accident that was less severe. Settlement amounts can vary greatly, which is why every case has its distinct settlement amount.

From Our Victories: Pickup Driver Suffers Concussion in Wreck, We Won Him $125,000

As you're driving down the road, you know the biggest hazard isn't pedestrians or potholes. It's other drivers. 

Unfortunately, Craig learned that the hard way. Craig was driving in Denton when another driver made an illegal left turn and struck Craig's pickup truck at high speeds. 

Illegal Turn Leads to Concussion

Craig went straight to the doctor. He had pain in his spine, lower back, legs, hips and abdomen. He also suffered painful headaches. Initially, he was diagnosed with back and neck sprain, bilateral foot pain, and contusions to the chest and abdomen. After seeking further medical attention, however, it was also learned that he had suffered a concussion in the crash. He required an MRI and ongoing physical therapy to recover. 

Throughout all of this, Craig was unable to continue his labor-intensive employment and subsequently was terminated by his employer as a result.

Craig came to us hurt, discouraged and worried about how he'd pay his medical bills now that he'd lost his job. His life had been seriously altered at the hands of another driver, and we knew he shouldn't have to suffer for it. We took his case into our hands and fought for the compensation Craig deserved. 

Craig was in pain for almost a year, and his inability to return to work for a prolonged period resulted in extreme financial hardship for his family. His doctors told him he will likely have to continue to take medication for injuries related to this accident for the rest of his life.

Case Summary 

We used Craig's story against the at-fault driver and successfully recovered the maximum compensation available through his insurance, which was $125,000. Craig was very happy about the outcome. 

Net settlement to client after expenses: $83,586.48

There may be compensation you're entitled to receive to cover accident-related injuries, such as medical expenses, lost wages, and future medical care. Remember, you do not have to be stuck paying medical bills for an accident that you did not cause. You have rights! Call the Anderson Law Firm today to discuss your case with a whiplash lawyer at 817-294-1900. 
Mark A. Anderson
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Board Certified Personal Injury Lawyer in Fort Worth, Texas