Whiplash is a neck injury that happens when your head is forced back and forth beyond its typical range of motion. You may experience pain, stiffness, reduced range of mobility, headaches, and jaw aches. Whiplash typically requires time to heal, and you may treat the pain with over-the-counter remedies.
A dislocation occurs when a bone moves from out of its place in the joint. This can be a painful injury, and even more painful when the bone slides back into place. This type of injury is often associated with soft tissue injuries around the joint.
Spinal Cord Injuries
Your spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs down the center of your spine. It is responsible for connecting the motor and sensory nerves throughout your body to the brain and vice versa. When your spine is injured, the spinal cord can be damaged. You may suffer an incomplete and complete injury. A complete injury means your entire spinal cord severs. You will lose all feeling and mobility from the injury site downward. With an incomplete injury, you will lose some degree of sensation and movement, though it is often impossible to predict. Whether or not you can regain sensation or movement depends on the extent of the injury, and how quickly you obtained treatment and diagnosis.
A variety of accidents and injuries can result in damage to your motor or sensory nerves or both. When you experience nerve damage, you may feel pain, tingling, a squeezing sensation, weakness, and reduced mobility. Nerve damage in the lower body can lead to an inability to control your bladder as well as sexual dysfunction. Nerve damage can take years to improve, or it could be permanent. The best chance of recovering is for physicians to diagnose and treat the underlying injury, if possible.
Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs)
Traumatic brain injuries are categorized as mild, moderate or severe. A mild TBI is better known as a concussion. You may experience symptoms for a few weeks or months, though most people fully recover from concussions. Moderate-to-severe TBIs are considerably more serious and more likely to lead to long-term side effects or permanent disabilities. When you suffer a TBI, you may experience a related skull fracture or penetrating head injury. You can suffer a TBI when a significant force is exerted against your body.
Hypoxic Brain Injury/Anoxic Brain Injury
Your brain can also suffer injury if it does not get enough oxygen for a period of time (hypoxic), or does not get any oxygen for minutes or longer (anoxic). Oxygen deprivation can lead to brain damage, the extent of which depends on how long your brain goes without oxygen. After three minutes, your brain can suffer irreversible damage.
During a traumatic event, an extremity or limb can detach from your body. This is known as an amputation. You also may suffer such a severe injury to a finger, hand, arm, toe, foot, or leg that requires physicians to amputate the injured body part.
Severe accidents can harm your internal organs, such as your heart, lungs, bowels, kidneys, and more. If one or more of these organs is punctured or lacerated, you may experience internal bleeding. You will need surgery to repair the damage, and in extreme cases, your organ may not be able to recover. Certain organs can be removed, while others will require a transplant.
If you incur harm in an explosion or fire, you may suffer burns. Third and fourth-degree burns are painful and disfiguring injuries. You will require a great deal of medical care to heal to the fullest extent and avoid infections. You likely will need several surgical procedures to recover and improve your appearance.
If you suffer a direct injury to your eye or are exposed to toxic chemicals, you may suffer vision loss or blindness. Depending on the type and extent of the injury, there may be a surgical procedure to help. Once you recover to the fullest extent possible, corrective lenses may help.
Injuries directly to your head and ears can cause hearing loss. If both ears are significantly damaged, you may require surgery or hearing aids. Significant injury to one or both ears can lead to deafness.